Photo by Jim Bauer
Chicago Union Station has long been a focus of the Midwest High-Speed Rail Association. Thanks in part to our efforts—and the support of our members!—we’re beginning to see progress toward renovating and expanding our historic station.
The Union Station Master Plan identifies a number of immediate ways of increasing the station’s capacity. Amtrak is already working on these near-term improvements. The plan also suggests a longer-term vision for dramatic new additions to the station, and it’s these big, bold ideas that we must focus on now.
Amtrak owns the station and several adjacent parcels, and plans on exploiting real estate development to create revenue. Past development over the station is partly to blame for the station’s cramped nature today. We must ensure that the bold plan for Union Station’s future is driven by its role as the heart of the region’s transportation system, instead of becoming another new high-rise that happens to have a train station in its basement.
Union Station was built to be a dramatic statement. Chicago was the center of the nation’s railroad system, and Union Station was a monument to that status. This statement was erased in the 1960’s as train travel declined and the station’s soaring, spacious concourse was torn down and buried under an office building.
As the station reclaims its importance in the region’s transportation system, it needs an equally important architectural statement. The design of the station, both its appearance and its function, must be fitting of a station used by more than a hundred thousand people every day.
In the long term, Union Station will require more capacity for trains than can be squeezed into the station’s current footprint. The Master Plan calls for expanding the station to the west, under Clinton Street. This new, multi-level tunnel could accommodate high-speed trains, commuter trains, or local transit trains.
Any redevelopment or new development above and around the station must preserve and enhance the light and space available to the entire station footprint, including the planned expansion under Clinton Street. It should also create new vertical access points into and out of the station
Amtrak has already begun improving flow through Chicago Union Station by moving certain passenger-related functions out of the cramped concourse and into the spacious Great Hall. The station Master Plan identifies a number of additional ways to improve the flow of people, and Amtrak is working on designs to implement these ideas.
Redesigning space within the station should create a continuous, open flow from west to east. From a new western entrance to the Great Hall from Clinton Street, this central axis continues through the Great Hall, under Canal Street, and through the concourse to the train platform access
The Master Plan suggests removing some of the mothballed baggage platforms, opening up space to widen the commuter train platforms. This will improve comfort and safety for the thousands of commuters that arrive and depart on Metra trains.
Union Station desperately needs platforms that allow trains to pass through. The station’s current stub-end design means all trains terminate there. Through platforms would let trains from the south continue north, and vice-versa.
The Master Plan calls for converting mail platforms under the old post office building, just south of the station along the river, into passenger platforms. These platforms are connected to the only tracks that pass through the station, next to the Chicago River.
As the post office is redeveloped, we must ensure that we retain access to these platforms and allow them to become a viable part of Union Station